About the Study

Supported Employment & preventing Early Disability (SEED)

The share of young people with work disability is an increasingly important problem in Norway. Early withdrawal or exclusion from the labor market leads to large individual and societal costs. The SEED-trial is a randomized controlled trial aiming to provide evidence-based knowledge about different approaches to increase labor market participation and prevent early work disability in this important and vulnerable group. The trial includes unemployed individuals aged 18-29 years who are not in education or employment, who are receiving temporary benefits due to various social or health-related problems, and considered eligible for sheltered work training by the Norwegian Labor and Welfare Administration (NAV). Participants are randomly assigned to 1 of 2 interventions, both aimed at facilitating participation in working life:

  1. Traditional Vocational Rehabilitation (TVR), offering training and preparation for the labor market in a sheltered environment
  2. Supported employment following the Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model, focusing on competitive employment in real-life settings without long-lasting preceding training

The current study will provide new knowledge of the effect of traditional as well as new and promising interventions to increase labor market participation and prevent early disability, focusing on the following outcomes:

  • Competitive employment, sickness absence, benefits and disability (survey and registry data)
  • Various measures for physical and mental health, disability and coping (survey data)
  • Cost effectiveness of the various interventions (cost/benefit analyses)

The trial is funded by the Norwegian Research Council (the Sickness Absence Research Programme) and is run by researchers at NORCE Norwegian Research Centre (previously Uni Research). The project started in 2014, and is finalized in 2018. The flowchart below offers a simple outline of the project.



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